John Muir, and a Story of Yosemite
On a chilly night in 1903, two men sat before a crackling campfire in the Bridal Veil Meadow of Yosemite Park. The stars shone down on them, and the surrounding pine trees whistled in the night breeze. The sound of waterfalls soothed their tired minds. One of these men was John Muir, a famous mountaineer and naturalist. The other was President Theodore Roosevelt.
The story of this famous camping trip started in 1868, when a young John Muir first set eyes on the Yosemite Valley. He fast fell in love with the splendid rock formations, beautiful flowers, and charming wildlife. He wrote – “No temple made with hands can compare with Yosemite. Every rock in its walls seems to glow with life… their feet among beautiful groves and meadows, their brows in the sky, a thousand flowers leaning confidingly against their feet, bathed in floods of water…. myriads of small winged creatures – birds, bees, butterflies – give glad animation…as if into this one mountain mansion Nature had gathered her choicest treasures, to draw her lovers into close and confining communion with her.”
Muir wasn’t the only one captivated by the great Yosemite. Its beauty has drawn people for centuries. Historians place the first residents there over three thousand years ago. These were the local Indian tribes, the Ahwahneechee (“dwellers in Ahwahnee” – the original name for the area). They lived primarily off acorns that grew in the forests, and they burned the Valley floor every year to maintain the oak population and other plant life. As with most Native Americans, their culture got wiped out by outside influence. In this case, wars and a mortal “black sickness” (historians suggest smallpox or measles), drove them from the area.
For years after that, the Valley lay silent. Superstitious fear kept other tribes away, so it’s beauty remained unseen and unheard until 1852, when white man entered the Yosemite Valley. Miners got the first look (and credit for calling it “Yosemite”), but a war party headed by Captain John Boling put Yosemite on the map. While fighting Indians in the area, he regaled local newspapers with accounts of the land’s unspoiled beauty, especially Yosemite Falls. These publications came to the attention of a wildlife photographer named J.M. Hutchings, and he and his party became the first “tourists” to Yosemite Valley in 1855.
Once Hutchings released his photos, the flood gates opened and the tourists came in. Through them, local mountain men found a thriving business. The first settlements around Yosemite popped up in 1856, a hotel becoming the first permanent building. Yosemite resident Galen Clark added a slew of other attractions. On top of building Clark’s Ranch, he also gets credit for discovering the giant Sequoia grove and the Mariposa. Then he built the famous Wawona Hotel, which still stands today. It has housed many distinguished guests including Presidents Grant, Hayes, and Roosevelt.
Along with presidents, famous naturalists and explorers also began streaming through Yosemite Valley, and they quickly recognized its worth – a precious, unspoiled piece of nature that needed preserved. In the early 1860s, advocates appealed to Lincoln to protect Yosemite from private settlement. In 1864, Lincoln took his eyes off the Civil War long enough to cede Yosemite Valley to the state of California for preservation. And so, Yosemite Valley State Park was born.
It wasn’t long after this that John Muir arrived. When he did, the park got its most ardent protector. Muir spent months examining the biological and geological treasures, and became one of the leading experts on its features. His published works on Yosemite gained him a national audience. He rubbed elbows in congress, and helped them create Yosemite grants. He also encouraged them to turn Yosemite into a National Park – forever securing it from the developer’s wrecking ball. “Everybody needs beauty as well as bread, places to play and pray in…” he wrote. “Nevertheless… they [natural places] have always been subject to attack by despoiling gain seekers and mischief-makers of every degree from Satan to senators…”
Indeed, Yosemite had attracted some troublemakers. One of the biggest was sheep herders, who grazed their stock on Yosemite’s heights, leaving them vulnerable to landslides and ruin. Poachers had also found the park, and they got busy ravaging the precious wildlife.
In 1890, heeding the plea of Muir and other prominent figures, Congress designated parts of Yosemite a National Park and turned it over the United States Army. It was a big step, but Muir wouldn’t rest until the entire area fell under the safe protection of National Park status, especially the parts still owned by California. On that chilly night in 1903, he found a willing audience in Theodore Roosevelt. Not just for the rest of Yosemite, but also for priceless wilderness across the country.
That camping trip between two men, each prominent figures humbled by nature, eventually led to the Yosemite Recession Bill of 1906. This ceded all the Yosemite land still owned by California to the United States. Roosevelt didn’t stop there either. During his time as President, he signed into law five national parks, along with over a hundred National Forests and countless wildlife refuges.
Today, Yosemite Valley National Park remains one of the most popular tourist spots in the country. In the fall of 2013, I became just one in over a century and a half worth of visitors. For four days, my husband and I hiked the beautiful trails, took in the magnificent rock structures, and beheld the rushing waterfalls. Even California’s historic drought did not rob Yosemite of its beauty.
There is a magic about Yosemite that cannot be captured with a pen and paper. Standing in a place with such history and beauty is powerful. Despite many famous spots such as Yosemite Falls, El Capitan, and Half-Dome, my favorite was a tiny meadow with only a small wooden sign. It read – “On this site President Theodore Roosevelt sat beside a campfire with John Muir on May 17, 1903 and talked forest good. Muir urged the president to work for preservation of priceless remnants of America’s wilderness. At this spot one of our country’s foremost conservationists received great inspiration.”
Such a small meadow – yet it spawned a huge notion. Humans need unspoiled, natural beauty to survive. It is the fresh air that rejuvenates our souls, and reminds us of the mighty splendor of our precious Earth. This is an irreplaceable and priceless treasure, and it should never be taken away. I could almost hear John Muir whispering to me as I stood in that place where he made his plea. “Welcome to beautiful Yosemite,” he said. “But proceed with care.”
“The National Parks” – K. Burns
Yosemite Valley National Park
“The Yosemite” – J. Muir
“Yellowstone & Yosemite: History of America’s most Famous National Parks” – Charles River Editors
The Sierra Club – http://www.sierraclub.org
All photos by M.B. Henry. For more on Yosemite, please visit my photo gallery.
WOW! Every story you put out there is more intriguing! I knew a little about John Muir but not about his connection with Theodore Roosevelt. The photos in this story are beautiful! Your Great Great Grandmother Franklin used to say “Draw your strength from the mountains!” I am so glad that people like John Muir made it possible to preserve these beautiful wonders of nature. Once again thank you for sharing your talent with all of us. You have a precious gift for writing.
Awesomely written story. It really does make me want to plan a trip to visit, even though your story “took me there” already!
Very good history lesson. How was very interesting, now I need to get to Yosemite!
Yes! Go! I’d like to go again, especially now that I have a better camera 🙂
A well-researched, well-written, and fascinating historical post, MB!
Thank you! Yosemite is a splendid park with a great history. I highly encourage a trip if you haven’t yet been. Thanks for stopping by to give it a read!
I’ve wanted to go to Yosemite ever since I became a fan of Ansel Adams’ photography. It is definitely one of the top things on my bucket list.
I really must insist that you go! It remains in the top 3 most amazing places I’ve seen. You would really enjoy it. If you do go, let me know if you want tips on the best spots!
Important share for a historic reflection on the US. When not honored, ut’s forgotten. 👍
Couldn’t agree more! Thanks for stopping by and glad you enjoyed it!
Thanks goodness for their foresight in achieving protection of these lands.
great post thanks. Happy New Year
Thanks so much for reading it I’m glad you enjoyed it! I am a huge admirer of both Teddy and John Muir, and grateful for their efforts. Happy new year to you too!
Wonderful. My favorite place.:)
So glad you enjoyed it! I could sure see why it’s your favorite. It’s a beautiful place.
Thanks. Yes it is.:)
I have all of Muir’s books on audio and listen all the time. You can get them free on librivox! An excellent and entertaining way to help with your own nature and travel journaling. William
I do love John Muir, his writings are pretty amazing, I’ve gotten a lot of them on Kindle. So glad you enjoyed so many of my posts and shared your thoughts – thanks so much!